The Fang Research Group

Cover Articles










(78)   Phillips, B.; Wang, C.; Tu, X.*; Chang, C.-H.; Banerjee, S.; Al-Hashimi, M.; Hu, W.*; Fang, L.* Cyclodextrin-derived polymer networks for selective molecular adsorption, Chem. Commun., 2020, DOI: 10.1039/d0cc04784h

  •           - Among the Themed Issue of 2020 Chemical Communications Emerging Investigators.

  • (77)   Che, S.; Fang, L.* Porous Ladder Polymer Networks, Chem, 2020, DOI: 10.1016/j.chempr.2020.08.002

    (76)   Ji. X.; Leng, M.; Xie, H.; Wang, C.; Dunbar, K. R.; Zou, Y.*; Fang, L.* Extraordinary Electrochemical Stability and Extended Polaron Delocalization of Ladder-Type Polyaniline-Analogous Polymers, Chem. Sci., 2020, DOI: 10.1039/D0SC03348K

    (75)   Lyu, J.; Liu, Y.; McCabe, J.; Schrecke, S.; Fang, L.; Russell, D.; Laganowsky, A.* Discovery of Potent Charge-Reducing Molecules for Native Ion Mobility Mass Spectrometry Studies, Anal. Chem., 2020, DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.0c01826

    (74)   Phillips, B.; Banerjee, S.; Tu, X.; Fang, L.* Electrical Vapour Sensing with Macrocyclic Molecular Receptors, Supramolecular Chemistry, 2020, 32, 165-177. DOI: 10.1080/10610278.2020.1726916

    (73)   Zheng, K.; He, C.; Nour, H. F.; Zheng, Z.; Yuan, T.; Traboulsi, H.; Mazher, J.; Trabolsi, A.; Fang, L.; Olsen, M. A.* Augmented Polyhydrazone Formation in Water by Template-assisted Polymerization Using Dual-purpose Supramolecular Templates, Polym. Chem., 2020, 11, 1806-1819. DOI: 10.1039/C9PY01476D

    (72)   Kalin, A. J.; Che, S.; Wang, C.; Mu, A. U.; Duka, E. M.; Fang, L.* Solution-Processable Porous Nanoparticles of a Conjugated Ladder Polymer Network, Macromolecules, 2020, 53, 922-928. DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.9b02635

    (71)   Ji, X.; Xie, H.; Zhu, C.; Zou, Y.; Mu, A. U.; Al-Hashimi, M.; Dunbar, K. R.; Fang, L.* Pauli Paramagnetism of Stable Analogues of Pernigraniline Salt Featuring Ladder-Type Constitution, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2020, 142, 641-648. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b12626

    •           - Highlighted in Synfacts 2020, 16, 0826. DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1690373.
    •           - Highlighted by X-mol: link.

    (70)   Che, S.; Pang, J.; Kalin, A. J.; Wang, C.; Ji, X.; Lee, J.; Cole, D.; Li, J.-L.; Tu, X.; Zhang, Q.; Zhou, H.-C.; Fang, L.* Rigid Ladder-Type Porous Polymer Networks for Entropically Favorable Gas Adsorption, ACS Materials Lett., 2020, 2, 49-54. DOI: 10.1021/acsmaterialslett.9b00434

    •           - Highlighted by X-mol: link.

    (69)   Wang, C.; Li, C.; Rutledge, E.; Che, S.; Lee, J.; Kalin, A.; Zhang, C.; Zhou, H.-C.; Guo, Z.-H.*; Fang, L.* Aromatic Porous Polymer Network Membranes for Organic Solvent Nanofiltration under Extreme Conditions, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2020, 8, 15891-15899. DOI: 10.1039/C9TA10190J

    (68)   Zhang, W.; Ji, X.; Peng, B.-J.; Che, S.; Ge, F.; Liu, W.; Al-Hashimi, M.; Wang, C.*; Fang, L.* High-Performance Thermoresponsive Dual-Output Dye System for Smart Textile Application, Adv. Funct. Mater., 2020, 30, 1906463. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201906463





    (67)   Barłóg, M.; Zhang, X.; Kulai, I.; Yang, D. S.; Sredojevic, D.; Sil, A.; Ji, X.; Salih, K.; Bazzi, H. S.;Bronstein, H.; Fang, L.; Kim, J.; Marks, T.; Guo, X.; Al-Hashimi, M.* Indacenodithiazole Ladder Type Bridged Di(thiophene)-Difluoro-Benzothiadiazole Conjugated Copolymers as Ambipolar Organic Field Effect Transistors, Chem. Mater., 2019, 31, 9488-9496. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b03525

    (66)   Li, X.; Han, J.; Qin, J.; Sun, M.; Wu, J.; Lei, L.; Li, J.; Fang, L.*; Yang, Y.-W.* Mesoporous silica nanobeans dual-functionalized with AIEgens and leaning pillar[6]arene-based supramolecular switches for imaging and stimuli-responsive drug release, Chem. Commun., 2019, 55, 14099-14102. DOI: 10.1039/C9CC07115F

    •           - Featured on the front cover of Volume 55, Issue 94, 2019.
    •           - Part of the themed collection: “Cucurbiturils and Related Cavitands”.

    (65)   Zhang, Z.; Liu, Q.; Sun, Z.; Phillips, B.; Wang, Z.; Al-Hashimi, M.; Fang, L.; Olson, M. A.* Processing Poly-Lipoic Ester-Based Coacervates for the Efficient Removal of Organic Micropollutants from Water and Increased Point-of-Use Versatility, Chem. Mater., 2019, 31, 4405-4417. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b00725

    (64)   Zhu, C.; Kalin, A. J.; Fang, L.* Covalent and Noncovalent Approaches to Rigid Coplanar π‑Conjugated Molecules and Macromolecules, Acc. Chem. Res., 2019, 52, 1089-1100. DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.9b00022

    (63)   Barłóg, M.; Kulai, I.; Ji, X.; Bhuvanesh, N.; Dey, S.; Sliwinski, E. P.; Bazzi, H. S.; Fang, L.; Al-Hashimi, M.* Synthesis, Characterization and Crystal Structures of Novel Fluorinated Di(thiazolyl)benzene Derivatives, Org. Chem. Front., 2019, 6, 780-790. DOI: 10.1039/c9qo00044e





    (62)   Zhu, C.; Ji, X.; You, D.; Chen, T. L.; Mu, A. U.; Baker, K. P.; Klivansky, L. M.; Liu, Y.; Fang, L.* Extraordinary Redox Activities in Ladder-Type Conjugated Molecules Enabled by B ← N Coordination-Promoted Delocalization and Hyperconjugation, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2018, 140, 18173-18182. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b11337

  •           - Highlighted on X-mol: link.

  • (61)   Liu, Y.; Philips, B.; Li, W.; Zhang, Z.; Wang, L.; Fang, L.*; Qiu, J.; Wang, S*. Fullerene-Tailored Graphene Oxide Interlayer Spacing for Energy-Efficient Water Desalination, ACS Appl. Nano Mater., 2018, 1, 6168-6175. DOI: 10.1021/acsanm.8b01375

    (60)   Wang, L.; Zhang, Z.; Liu, Y.; Wang, B.; Fang, L.; Qiu, J.; Zhang, K.; Wang, S.* Exceptional Thermoelectric Properties of Flexible Organic-Inorganic Hybrids with Monodispersed and Periodic Nanophase, Nature Commun., 2018, 9, 3817. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-06251-9

    (59)   Xu, Y.; Yuan, T.; Nour, H. F.; Fang, L.*; Olson, M. A.* Bis-Bipyridinium Gemini Surfactant-Based Supramolecular Helical Fibers and Solid State Thermochromism, Chem. Eur. J., 2018, 24, 16558-16569. DOI: 10.1002/chem.201803496

    (58)   Yuan, T.; Sun, Z.; Mu, A. U.; Zeng, M.; Kalin, A. J.; Cheng, Z.; Olson, M. A.*; Fang, L.* Assembly and Chiral Memory Effect of Dynamic Macroscopic Supramolecular Helices, Chem. Eur. J., 2018, 24, 16553-16557. DOI: 10.1002/chem.201803005

    •           - Selected as “Hot Paper”
    •           - Featured on the front cover of Volume 24, Issue 62, 2018


    (57)   Patra, D.; Lee, J.; Dey, S.; Lee, J.; Kalin, A.; Putta, A.; Fei, Z.; McCarthy-Ward, T.; Bazzi, H.; Fang, L.; Heeney, M.; Yoon, M.-H.; Al-Hashimi, M.* Chalcogen Bridged Thieno-, Selenopheno-[2,3-d:5,4-d']bisthiazole and their Diketopyrrolopyrrole Based Low Band Gap Copolymers, Macrmolecules, 2018, 51, 6076-6084. DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.8b00826

    (56)   Zhu, C.; Mu, A.; Wang, C.; Ji, X.; Fang, L.* Synthesis and Solution Processing of a Rigid Polymer Enabled by Active Manipulation of Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonds, ACS Macro Lett., 2018, 7, 801-806. DOI: 10.1021/acsmacrolett.8b00388

    (55)   Wu, J.-R.; Mu, A.; Li, B.; Wang, C.-Y.; Fang, L.; Yang, Y.-W.* Desymmetrized Leaning Pillar[6]arene, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2018, 57, 9853-9858. DOI: 10.1002/anie.201805980

    •           - Highlighted by T. M. Swager et al. in Synfacts 2018, 14, 0815.

    (54)   Wang, L.; Zhang, Z.; Geng, L.; Yuan, T.; Liu, Y.; Guo, J.; Fang, L.; Qiu, J.; Wang, S.* Solution-printable fullerene/TiS2 organic/inorganic hybrids for high-performance flexible n-type thermoelectrics, Energy Environ. Sci., 2018, 11, 1307-1317. DOI: 10.1039/C7EE03617E

    (53)   Kalin, A. J.; Lee, J.; Fang, L.* Annulation Reactions for Conjugated Ladder-Type Oligomers, Synlett, 2018, 29, 993-998. DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1591945

    (52)   Lee, J.; Kalin, A. J.; Wang, C.; Early, J. T.; Fang, L.* Donor–acceptor conjugated ladder polymer via aromatization-driven thermodynamic annulation, Polym. Chem. 2018, 9, 1603-1609. DOI: 10.1039/C7PY02059G

    (51)   Guo, Z.-H.; Wang, C.; Zhang, Q.; Che, S.; Zhou, H.-C.; Fang, L.* Cost-effective synthesis and solution processing of porous polymer networks through methanesulfonic acid-mediated aldol triple condensation, Mater. Chem. Front. 2018, 2, 396-401. DOI: 10.1039/C7QM00485K





    (50)   Yuan, T.; Xu, Y.; Zhu, C.; Jiang, Z.; Sue, H.-J.; Fang, L.*; Olson, M. A.* Tunable Thermochromism of Multifunctional Charge Transfer-Based Supramolecular Materials Assembled in Water, Chem. Mater. 2017, 29, 9937-9945. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b03273

    •           - Featured on the front cover of Issue 23, 2017


    (49)   Lee, J.; Li, H.; Kalin, A. J.; Yuan, T.; Wang, C.; Olson, T.; Li, H.; Fang, L.* Extended Ladder-Type Benzo[k]tetraphene-Derived Oligomers, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2017, 56, 13727-13731. DOI: 10.1002/anie.201707595

    •           - Highlighted by X-mol: link.

    (48)   Hollingsworth, W. R.; Lee, J.; Fang, L.; Ayzner, A. L.* Exciton Relaxation in Highly Rigid Conjugated Polymers: Correlating Radiative Dynamics with Structural Heterogeneity and Wavefunction Delocalization, ACS Energy Lett., 2017, 2, 2096–2102. DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00535

    (47)   Zhu, C.; Fang, L.* Locking the Coplanar Conformation of π-Conjugated Molecules and Macromolecules Using Dynamic Noncovalent Bonds, Macromol. Rapid Commun., 2017, 39, 1700241. DOI:

    (46)   Li, F.; Zou, Y.; Fang, L.*; Lutkenhaus, J. L.* Scalable Synthesis and Multi-Electron Transfer of Aniline/Fluorene Copolymer for Solution-Processable Battery Cathodes, Macromol. Rapid Commun., 2017, 38, 1700067. DOI: 10.1002/marc.201700067.

    •           - In special issue of Synthetic Metals

    (45)   Lee, J.; Kalin, A. J.; Yuan. T.; Al-Hashimi, M.; Fang, L.* Fully Conjugated Ladder Polymers, Chem. Sci., 2017, 8, 2503-2521. DOI: 10.1039/C7SC00154A

    •           - Invited Perspective
    •           - Highlighted on the front cover of Issue 4, 2017
    •           - Highlighted by the Royal Society of Chemistry China


    (44)   Patra, D.; Lee, J.; Lee, J.; Sredojevic, D. N.; White, A. J. P.; Bazzi, H. S.; Brothers, E. N.; Heeney, M.; Fang, L.; Yoon, M.-H.; Al-Hashimi, M.* Synthesis of Low Band Gap Polymers Based on Bisthiazole and Thienylenevinylene for Organic Thin-Film Transistors, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2017, 5, 2247-2258. DOI: 10.1039/C6TC04763G

    (43)   Choi, Y.H.; Cho, J.; Lunsford, A. M.; Al-Hashimi, M.; Fang, L.; Banerjee, S.* Mapping the Electrocatalytic Activity of MoS2 Across Its Amorphous to Crystalline Transition, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 5129-5141. DOI: 10.1039/c6ta10316

    (42)   Zou, Y.; Ji, X.; Cai, J.; Yuan, T.; Stanton, D. J.; Lin, Y.-H.; Narahghi, M.; Fang, L.* Synthesis and Solution Processing of a Hydrogen-Bonded Ladder Polymer, Chem, 2017, 2, 139-152. DOI: 10.1016/j.chempr.2016.12.008

    •           - See "Potential Energy" essay highlighting first author Dr. Yang Zou: link.
    •           - Highlighted by Texas A&M College of Science News.





    (41)   Zhu, C.; Mu, A. U.; Lin, Y.-H.; Guo, Z.-H.; Yuan, T.; Wheeler, S. E.; Fang, L.* Molecular Coplanarity and Self-Assembly Promoted by Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonds, Org. Lett., 2016, 18, 6332-6335. DOI: 10.1021/acs.orglett.6b03225

    (40)   Yuan, T.; Vazquez, M.; Goldner, A. N.; Xu, Y.; Contrucci, R.; Firestone, M. A.; Olson, M. A.*; Fang, L.* Versatile Thermochromic Supramolecular Materials Based on Competing Charge Transfer Interactions, Adv. Funct. Mater., 2016, 26, 8604-8612. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603364M

    •           - Featured in Advanced Science News: link.
    •           - Highlighted on the Inside Front Cover of Volume 26, Issue 47, 2016: link


    (39)   Choi, Y.-H.; Lee, J.; Parija, A.; Cho, J.; Verkhoturov, S.; Al-Hashimi, M.; Fang, L.*; Banerjee, S.* An in Situ Sulfidation Approach for the Integration of MoS2 Nanosheets on Carbon Fiber Paper and the Modulation of Its Electrocatalytic Activity by Interfacing with nC60, ACS Catal., 2016, 6, 6246-6254. DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.6b01942

    (38)    Zhu, C.; Guo, Z.-H.; Mu, A. U.; Liu, Y.; Wheeler, S. E.; Fang, L.* Low Band Gap Coplanar Conjugated Molecules Featuring Dynamic Intramolecular Lewis Acid–Base Coordination, J. Org. Chem., 2016, 81, 4347-4352. DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.6b00238

    (37)    Guo, Z.-H.; Ai, N.; McBroom, C.; Yuan, T.; Lin, Y.-H.; Roders, M.; Zhu, C.; Ayzner, A. L.; Pei, J.*; Fang, L.* Side-Chain Engineering Approach to Solvent-Resistant Semiconducting Polymer Thin Films, Polym. Chem., 2016, 7, 648-665. DOI: 10.1039/C5PY01669J

    (36)    Lee, J.; Rajeeva, B. B.; Yuan, T.; Guo, Z.-H.; Lin, Y.-H.; Al-Hashimi, M.; Zheng, Y.; Fang, L.* Thermodynamic synthesis of solution processable ladder polymers, Chem. Sci., 2016, 7, 881-889. DOI: 10.1039/C5SC02385H

    •           - Featured as one of the "Hot Chemical Science Articles for December 2015"
    •           - Highlighted on the front cover of Issue 2, 2016: link.






    (35)    Zou, Y.; Yuan, T.; Yao, H.; Frazier, D. J.; Stanton, D. J.; Sue, H.-J.; Fang, L.* Solution-Processable Core-Extended Quinacridone Derivatives with Intact Hydrogen Bonds, Org. Lett., 2015, 17, 3146-3149. DOI: 10.1021/acs.orglett.5b01465

    (34)    Gu, W.-X.; Li, Q-L.; Lu, H.; Fang, L.; Chen, Q.; Yang, Y.-W.; Gao, H. Construction of Stable Polymeric Vesicles Based on Azobenzene and Beta-Cyclodextrin Grafted Poly(Glycerol Methacrylate)s for Potential Applications in Colon-Specific Drug Delivery, Chem. Commun. 2015, 51, 4715−4718. DOI: 10.1039/C5CC00628G

    (33)   Zhu, C. Z.; Fang, L.* Mingling Electronic Chemical Sensors with Supramolecular Host-Guest Chemistry, Curr. Org. Chem., 2014, 18, 1957−1964. Invited Review.





    Prior to Texas A&M


    (32)    Choe, J.; Lee. Y.; Fang, L.; Lee, G.-D.; Bao. Z.; Kim, K.Direct Imaging of Rotating Molecules Anchored on Graphene, Nanoscale, 2016, 8, 13174-13180.

    (31)    Feldblyum, J.; McCreery, C.; Andrew S.; Kurosawa, T.; Santos, E.; Duong, V.; Fang, L.; Ayzner, A.; Bao, Z.; Few-Layer, Large-Area, 2D Covalent Organic Framework Semiconductor Thin Films, Chem. Commun. 2015, 13894-13897.

    (30)    Giri, G.; DeLongchamp, D.; Reinspach, J.; Fischer, D.; Richter, L.; Xu, J.; Benight, S.; Ayzner, A.; He, M.-Q.; Fang, L.; Xue, G.; Toney, M.; Bao, Z., Effect of Solution Shearing Method on Packing and Disorder of Organic Semiconductor Polymers, Chem. Mater. 2015, 27, 2350−2359.

    (29)   Y. Zhou, T. Kurosawa, W. Ma, Y. Guo, L. Fang, K. Vandewal, Y. Diao, C. Wang, Q. Yan, J. Reinspach, J. Mei, A. L. Appleton, G.I. Koleilat, Y. Gao, S.C. Mannsfeld, A. Salleo, H. Ade, D. Zhao, Z. Bao, High Performance All-Polymer Solar Cell via Polymer Side-Chain Engineering, Adv. Mater., 2014, 26, 3767−3722


    (28)    Fang, L.†; Zhou, Y.†; Yao, Y.-X.; Diao, Y.; Appleton, A. L.; Lee, W.-Y.; Allen, R.; Reinspach, J.; Bao, Z.Conjugated Random Copolymers with Polystyrene Side-Chains for Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells, Chem. Mater, 2013, 25(24), 4874−4880.


    (27)    Fang, L.; Liu, P.; Sveinbjornsson, B. R.; Atahan-Evrenk, S.; Vandewal, K.; Osuna, S.; Jiménez-Osés, G.; Shrestha, S.; Giri, G.; Wei, P.; Salleo, A.; Aspuru-Guzik, A.; Grubbs, R. H.; Houk, K. N.; Bao, Z. Confined Organization of Fullerene Units along High Polymer Chains, J. Mater. Chem. C. 2013, 1, 5747−5755.


    (26)    Mei, J.; Diao, Y.; Appleton, A. L.; Fang, L.; Bao, Z. Integrated Materials Design of Organic Semiconductors for Field-Effect Transistors, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2013, 135, 6724−6746.


    (25)    Wang, H.; Mei, J., Liu, P; Schmidt, K.; Jiménez-Osés, G.; Osuna, S.; Fang, L.; Tassone, C. J.; Zoombelt, A. P.; Sokolov, A. N.; Houk, K. N.; Toney, M. F.; Bao, Z. Scalable and Selective Dispersion of Semiconducting Arc-Discharged Carbon Nanotubes by Dithiafulvalene/Thiophene Copolymers for Thin Film Transistors, ACS Nano, 2013, 7, 2659−2668.


    (24)    Wang, C.; Cao, D.; Fahrenbach, A. C.; Fang, L.; Olson, M. A.; Friedman, D. C.; Basu, S.; Dey, S. K.; Botros, Y. Y.; Stoddart, J. F. Solvent-Dependent Ground-State Distributions in a Donor–Acceptor Redox-Active Bistable [2] Catenane, J. Phys. Org. Chem. 2012, 25, 544−552.


    (23)    Fang, L.; Wang, C.; Fahrenbach, A. C.; Trabolsi, A.; Botros, Y. Y.; Stoddart, J. F. Dual Stimulus Switching of a [2]Catenane in Water, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2011, 50, 1805−1809.


    (22)    Fang, L.; Basu, S.; Sue, C.-H.; Fahrenbach, A. C.; Stoddart, J. F. Syntheses and Dynamics of Donor-Acceptor [2]Catenanes in Water, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 396−399.


    (21)    Zhang, W.; DeIonno, E.; Dichtel, W. R.; Fang, L.; Trabolsi, A.; Olsen, J.-C.; Benítez, D.; Heath, J. R.; Stoddart, J. F. A Solid-State Switch Containing An Electrochemically Switchable Bistable Poly[n]rotaxane, J. Mater. Chem. 2011, 21, 1487−1495.


    (20)    Fahrenbach, A. C.; Barnes, J. C.; Li, H.; Benítez, D.; Basuray, A. N.; Fang, L.; Sue, C.-H.; Barin, G.; Dey, S. K.; Goddard, W. A., III; Stoddart, J. F. Measurement of the Ground-State Distributions in Bistable Mechanically Interlocked Molecules Using Slow Scan Rate Cyclic Voltammetry, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2011, 108, 20416−20421.


    (19)    Fang, L.; Olson, M. A.; Benítez, D.; Tkatchouk, E.; Goddard, W. A., III; Stoddart, J. F. Mechanically Bonded Macromolecules, Chem. Soc. Rev. 2010, 39, 17−29.


    (18)    Hmadeh, M.; Fang, L.; Trabolsi, A.; Elhabiri, M.; Albrecht-Gary, A.-M.; Stoddart, J. F. On the Thermodynamic and Kinetic Investigations of a [c2]Daisy Chain Polymer, J. Mater. Chem. 2010, 20, 3422−3430.


    (17)    Wang, C.; Olson, M. A.; Fang, L.; Benítez, D.; Tkatchouk, E.; Basu, S.; Basuray, A. N.; Zhang, D.; Zhu, D.; Goddard, W. A.; Stoddart, J. F. Isolation by Crystallization of Translational Isomers of a Bistable Donor-Acceptor [2]catenane, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2010, 107, 13991−13996.


    (16)    Olson, M. A.; Coskun, A.; Fang, L.; Basuray, A. N.; Stoddart, J. F. Polycatenation under Thermodynamic Control, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 3151−3156.


    (15)    Li, Q.; Sue, C.-H.; Basu, S.; Shveyd, A. K.; Zhang, W.; Barin, G.; Fang, L.; Sarjeant, A. A.; Stoddart, J. F.; Yaghi, O. M. A Catenated Strut in a Catenated Metal-Organic Framework, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 6751−6755.


    (14)    Coskun, A.; Wesson, P. J.; Klajn, R.; Trabolsi, A.; Fang, L.; Olson, M. A.; Dey, S. K.; Grzybowski, B. A.; Stoddart, J. F. Molecular-Mechanical Switching at the Nanoparticle-Solvent Interface: Practice and Theory, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 4310−4320.


    (13)    Fang, L.; Hmadeh, M.; Wu, J.; Olson, M. A.; Spruell, J. M.; Trabolsi, A.; Yang, Y.-W.; Elhabiri, M.; Albrecht-Gary, A.-M.; Stoddart, J. F. Acid-Base Actuation of [c2]Daisy Chains, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 7126−7134.


    (12)    Klajn, R.; Fang, L.; Coskun, A.; Olson, M. A.; Wesson, P. J.; Stoddart, J. F.; Grzybowski, B. A. Metal Nanoparticles Functionalized with Molecular and Supramolecular Switches, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 4233−4235.


    (11)    Zheng, Y. B.; Yang, Y.-W.; Jensen, L.; Fang, L.; Juluri, B. K.; Flood, A. H.; Weiss, P. S.; Stoddart, J. F.; Huang, T. J. Active Molecular Plasmonics: Controlling Plasmon Resonances with Molecular Switches, Nano Lett. 2009, 9, 819−825.


    (10)    Olson, M. A.; Coskun, A.; Klajn, R.; Fang, L.; Dey, S. K.; Browne, K. P.; Grzybowski, B. A.; Stoddart, J. F. Assembly of Polygonal Nanoparticle Clusters Directed by Reversible Noncovalent Bonding Interactions, Nano Lett. 2009, 9, 3185−3190.


    (9)       Olson, M. A.; Braunschweig, A. B.; Ikeda, T.; Fang, L.; Trabolsi, A.; Slawin, A. M. Z.; Khan, S. I.; Stoddart, J. F. Thermodynamic Forecasting of Mechanically Interlocked Switches, Org. Biomol. Chem. 2009, 7, 4391−4405.


    (8)       Olson, M. A.; Braunschweig, A. B.; Fang, L.; Ikeda, T.; Klajn, R.; Trabolsi, A.; Wesson, P. J.; Benítez, D.; Mirkin, C. A.; Grzybowski, B. A.; Stoddart, J. F. A Bistable Poly[2]catenane Forms Nanosuperstructures, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2009, 48, 1792−1797.


    (7)       Klajn, R.; Olson, M. A.; Wesson, P. J.; Fang, L.; Coskun, A.; Trabolsi, A.; Soh, S.; Stoddart, J. F.; Grzybowski, B. A. Dynamic Hook-and-Eye Nanoparticle Sponges, Nature Chem. 2009, 1, 733−738.


    (6)       Juluri, B. K.; Kumar, A. S.; Liu, Y.; Ye, T.; Yang, Y.-W.; Flood, A. H.; Fang, L.; Stoddart, J. F.; Weiss, P. S.; Huang, T. J. A Mechanical Actuator Driven Electrochemically by Artificial Molecular Muscles, Acs Nano, 2009, 3, 291−300.


    (5)       Wu, J.; Leung, K. C.-F.; Benítez, D.; Han, J.-Y.; Cantrill, S. J.; Fang, L.; Stoddart, J. F. An Acid-Base-Controllable [c2]Daisy Chain, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2008, 47, 7470−7474.


    (4)       Fang, L.; Chan, W. H.; He, Y. B.; Kwong, D. W. J.; Lee, A. W. M. Fluorescent Anion Sensor Derived from Cholic Acid: the Use of Flexible Side Chain, J. Org. Chem. 2005, 70, 7640−7646.


    (3)       Liu, S. Y.; Fang, L.; He, Y. B.; Chan, W. H.; Yeung, K. T.; Cheng, Y. K.; Yang, R. H. Cholic-Acid-Based Fluorescent Sensor for Dicarboxylates and Acidic Amino Acids in Aqueous Solutions, Org. Lett. 2005, 7, 5825−5828.


    (2)       Fang, L.; Chan, W. H.; He, Y. B. Selective Complexation of Metals with Isoxazolidine-Containing Fluorophores, Tetrahedron Lett. 2005, 46, 173−176.


    (1)       Zeng, Z. Y.; Wu, J. J.; Wei, L. H.; Fang, L.; Huang, Y. Y.; Meng, L. Z.; He, Y. B. Studies on Synthesis and Anion Recognition of A Novel Amide Receptor Bearing Two Anthracene Substituents, Chem. J. Chin. Univ. 2003, 24, 2005−2009.


    Book Chapter


    (1)       Zhou, Y.; Lee, J.; Fang, L.* n-Type Electron-Accepting Materials for Organic Solar Cells. In Organic and Hybrid Solar Cells, Huang, H.; Huang, J., Ed.; Springer International Publishing: Switzerland 2014.