Department of Chemistry
A headshot

Kim Dunbar
Distinguished Professor
Davidson Chair in Science

Contact
Department of Chemistry
Texas A&M University
College Station, TX 77843-3255

P: 979-845-5235
F: 979-845-7177
dunbar@chem.tamu.edu

Researcher ID

Current Activities

Research in the Dunbar group spans topics in synthetic, structural and physical inorganic and bioinorganic chemistry. The use of a range of tools including spectroscopy, X-ray crystallography, magnetometry, electron microscopy, mass spectrometry and electrochemistry reflect the breadth of problems under investigation.

Molecular Magnets, Conducting Metal-Organic Solids and Spin-Crossover Compounds.

The study of molecule-based, metal containing materials with conducting, optical, and/or magnetic properties is an area that presents considerable synthetic challenges. Of particular interest are "hybrid" solids that combine two or more properties not traditionally found in the same material. One of our approaches is to combine paramagnetic metal centers and conducting organic sub-lattices. In this vein, we are designing molecules as well as, 1-D, 2-D and 3-D materials with transition or lanthanide metal ions connected by organic radicals. Materials that exhibit high conductivity, magnetic ordering as well as "single molecule magnetism" have been discovered. In another project we are exploring cyanide chemistry of 3d, 4d and 5d transition metals by a step-wise building block approach to prepare families of molecules with predictable geometries whose magnetic properties are modulated by deliberate changes in the molecule. We have synthesized magnetic molecular squares, cubes, trigonal bipyramids and other architectures that display single-molecule magnetism, charge-transfer induced spin transitions, spin-crossover at high temperatures, and photoinduced magnetic behavior. A remarkable finding is that heterobimetallic clusters as small as five metal atoms mimic the properties previously observed only for 3-D "Prussian-Blue" type magnetic materials.

Metals in Medicine.

We have developed a program to address several issues in the area of metals in medicinal applications. The main synthetic targets are dirhodium compounds that are known to exhibit carcinostatic activity and ruthenium agents. Among our goals are to (1) to elucidate sites of binding to biological molecules including DNA and characterize adducts by NMR and X-ray techniques, (2) to develop redox-active compounds that exhibit low cytotoxity in the dark but which cleave DNA and cause cellular death under irradiation and (3) to design new generations of compounds with ligands that stabilize the dinuclear core and cause a red-shift in the electronic transition responsible for the photocytotoxity. The ultimate goal of the research is to develop photodynamic therapy drugs.

Anion-pi Interactions.

Anion-pi interactions are gaining significant recognition, and their pivotal role in many key chemical and biological processes is being increasingly appreciated. Research in this emerging area of supramolecular chemistry began in our group years ago with the synthesis and X-ray structures of cationic metal assemblies with encapsulated anions. Computational studies being conducted in our laboratories have confirmed the presence of anion-heterocyclic ring contacts for electropositive ring systems.

Educational Background

B. S., 1980, Westminster College

Ph. D., 1984, Purdue University

Awards & Recognition

  • Plenary Speaker 5th Zing Coordination Chemistry Conference, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 2016
  • ACS Award for Distinguished Service in the Advancement of Inorganic Chemistry, 2015
  • Keynote Speaker at 1st International Symposium on Clinical and Experimental Metallodrugs in Medicine: Cancer Chemotherapy, U. of Hawaii Cancer Center, 2015
  • Plenary Lecturer, Challenges in Inorganic and Materials Chemistry, Royal Society Chemistry, Dublin, Ireland, July 2, 2014
  • Plenary Speaker, Zing Coordination Chemistry Conference, Cancun, December 8, 2013
  • Plenary Speaker 48° Congreso Mexicano de Química and 32° Congreso Nacional de Educación Química, Guanajuato, Gto., Mexico, September 4, 2013
  • Keynote Lecturer, Celebration of Science, Texas Woman’s University, March 22, 2013
  • Inaugural Eminent Scholar Award, Texas A&M University Women Former Students’ Network, 2012
  • Westminster College Commencement Address, 2012
  • Honorary Degree, Westminster College, PA, 2012
  • Distinguished Achievement Award in Research, Association of Former Students, Texas A&M, 2012
  • Wilsmore Fellow, University of Melbourne, Australia 10/07/11 - 12/23/11
  • Visiting Professor, Institut Le Bel, Université de Strasbourg, France 6/11; 9/11
  • Elected Fellow, American Chemical Society, 2011
  • Featured Editorial in Angewandte Chemie, Women in Chemistry, 2011
  • Featured Author in Angewandte Chemie, Author Profile Series for 2010
  • Inaugural Eminent Scholar Award, Texas A&M University Women Former Students’ Network, 2012
  • TAMU Association of Former Students Award in Research, 2012
  • Prins Lecturer, Syracuse University, New York, 2009
  • Frontiers Lecturer, Case Western Reserve University, Ohio, 2008
  • Ken and Nancy Long Lectureship, Westminster College, PA, 2008
  • Inaugural Distinguished Achievement Award in Graduate Mentoring, Association of Former Students, 2006
  • Purdue University Department of Chemistry Distinguished Alumnus Award, 2004
  • Elected Fellow of American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2004
  • NSF Creativity Grant Extension Award, 1995-1996; 2002-2004
  • Distinguished Alumni Award, Westminster College, 2000
  • Distinguished Faculty Award, Michigan State University, 1998
  • Plenary Lecturer XXXIII ICCC Conference, Florence, Italy, 1998
  • Sigma Xi Research Award, Michigan State University, 1998
  • Fellow of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, 1992-1995
  • Camille and Henry Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award, 1991-1995
  • University Teaching Award, Michigan State University, 1990
  • Sigma Xi 1984 Thesis Award, Purdue University

Selected Publications

  • Heptacyanotungstate(IV) Anion: A New 5d Transition-Metal Member of the Rare Heptacyanometallate Family of Anions. Francisco J. Birk, Dawid Pinkowicz, and Kim R. Dunbar, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2016, 55, 11368-11371. Frontispiece for Communications
  • A Cobalt-TCNQ Spin-Crossover Bifunctional Material with an Anomalous Conducting Behavior. Xuan Zhang, Zhao-Xi Wang, Haomiao Xie, Ming-Xing Li, Toby J. Woods and Kim R. Dunbar, Chemical Science, (Edge Article) 2016, 7, 1569-1574.
  • Cyanide Single Molecule Magnets Exhibiting Reversible, Solvent Dependent "On" and "Off" Exchange Bias Behavior. Dawid Pinkowicz, Heather I. Southerland, Carolina Avendaño, Andrey Prosvirin, Wolfgang Wernsdorfer, Kasper S. Pedersen, Jan Dreiser, Rodolphe Clérac and Kim R. Dunbar, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2015, 137, 14406-14422.
  • Metal-organic frameworks as platforms for isolating individual single-molecule magnets in pores. Joshua B. Pyser, Darpandeep Aulakh, Xuan Zhang, Andrey A. Yakovenko, Kim R. Dunbar and Mario Wriedt, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2015, 37, 9254–9257.
  • Optimizing the Electronic Properties of Photoactive Anticancer Oxypyridine Bridged Dirhodium(II,II) Complexes, Zhanyong Li, Amanda David, Bryan A. Albani, Jean-Philippe Pellois, Claudia Turro, and Kim R. Dunbar, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2014, 36, 17058–17070.